Disown those who have become ungratefull to them. They are like those about whom God says, "Dont you observe those who have denied the favours of God and have become ungrateful and have thus led their people to hell-fire where they burn for ever. It is the worst imaginable place. They maintained that God had associates The did so to lead people astray. Tell them, (O Mohammed). Enjoy ye this life of short duration. Your ultimate destination is hell."
Last time I dealt at length with the explanation and the inner meaning of the verse from the Holy Qur'an and now I am going to deal with the verse which follows the previous one. The vese is as follows: "with regard to him who fears the 然ehman' in 組haib' and comes to God with a penitent heart ......"
The commentators say that the word 組haib' means unseen. Here it stands for the world which is hidden from the people living in this world. 然ehman' according to them is derives from'Rehmat' and is synonimous with 然aheem.' But 然ehman' is applicable to none but God and 然aheem' is applicable to God as well as man. 然ehman' they say meant the one who transforms a wicked man into a virtuous one when He wishes to favour him. The word 然aheem' does not imply all this. They say when it applies to man, sometimes he does show kindness and sometimes he does not. At times he is able to show it and at time he is not. There is a very subtle difference betweeen these two epithets.
The Holy Qur'an says: "There are people who disdain from devotion to the 然ehman.' There is a tradition to the effect that this people believed in God but did not believe in the 然ehman.' If God and 然ehman' mean one and the same thing then there is no meaning in saying that they believed in God and did not believe in the 然ehman.' This is one of the subtleties of the Holy Qur'an which needs an elucidation. There is another verse in the Holy Qur'an which says, "When they were ordered to bow down to the one whom you order us to bow to?"
We say that God is 然ehman'. 然ehman" is the most important of all the names of God. The names have got forms which can be written down and effaced and the substance which they stand for. They are the symbols of realities. The Hudud i.e. the Imams are trhe spirit of the forms and the realities of the symbol.
The word 然aheem' from the point od view of its substance stands for the great hudud some of which are spiritual beings and others are in human form. It is through them that we can attain to the true knowldge of the Unity of God. It is through them that we can reach the Abode of Bliss. It is they about whom God says, "And He taught Adam all the names and said to the angels, tell me what you know of their names if you think you are right."
Itbwas, the names of these hudud (authoritites) which were taught to Adam and it was through the knowledge of these names thatbAdam established his superiority over the angels. Tabree and other commentators like him who float on the surface and do not dive deeper say that these 疎sthma' stand for horses, camels, donkeys, cattle and sheep. They go to the length of mentioning all sorts of things including the wooden plates and utencils under the category of 疎sthma.' Our 閃ajlis' are above this rude and crude stuff. The 疎sthma; stand for nothing else than the living natiqs i.e. spokesmen of God - the hudud; and Allah and 然ehman' also belong to this categhory. It is blasphemous to say that the 疎sthma' stand for cattle and donkeys.
God has praised the one who fears 然ehman' in 組haib' i.e. the who knows the position of the hudud in this world of darkness and appears before Him with a penitent heart. We must bear in mind that the heart is the center of human activities. It governs the body. The working of the body depends upon it.
Just as the arteries of the human body depend for the supply of blood on the heart, in the same way, in spiritual matters also we depnd for guidance on the Imam of the time who is the heart of the 壮hariat'. The Holy Qur'an says, "We shall show you Our signs in the world and among yourselves in order that the truth may become clear to you." In short, just as our physical existence depends on our hearts, our spiritual elevation depends on the Imams. The Holy Qur'an says, "There will come the day when We shall call every generation to appear before us with their Imams"!
May God make you fear God in 組haib' and may you approach Him with your hearts directed to Him. This will suffice for this 閃ajlis'. The rest of the verse I shall explain to you in the next meeting.
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