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Encyclopaedia of Ismailism by Mumtaz Ali Tajddin

The word dunya is derived from dhunuww, meaning the lower or the nearest world. This world as man actually experiences it and lives in it as a whole, called al-dunya. The Koran uses the phrase al-hayah al-dunya (the lower life) in place of the simple word al-dunya, occurring 115 times in the Koran. Life in this world according to the Koran is inseparable part of a continuum, a unified whole

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