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ISTAKHBARA

Encyclopaedia of Ismailism by Mumtaz Ali Tajddin

The verb istakhbara is used forty times in the Koran and its participle, mustakbir, six times. Pride (takabbur) is very often denounced by the Koran as a sin, because of its similarity to a form of partnership with God. Pride is the sin of all those who refuse to surrender to God. It was also Satan's first sin (2:34, 38:73-4). Pride is also the sin of those who did not listen to the Prophets' message, and this was the case of Noah's folk: "And they magnified themselves in pride" (71:7); of Saleh's people: "The leaders of those who were arrogant among his people" (7:75) said "Verily, we are disbelievers in that which you believe" (7:76); of Shuaib's relatives: "The chiefs of those who were arrogant" (7:88), and of Hud's kinsfolk: "As for Ad, they were arrogant" (41:15).

Pride makes people blind and unable to recognize the sign of God and to worship their Lord righteously: "But as for those who refused His worship and were proud, He will punish them with a painful torment" (4:173). In fact, "Those who reject Our signs and treat them with arrogance, they are the dwellers of the fire" (7:36). Ultimately, "He likes not the proud" (16:23) and "seals up the heart of every arrogant tyrant" (40:35). As for those who are not proud, God will welcome them with His satisfaction and will accept their worship. All creatures "prostrate to God


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