Welcome to F.I.E.L.D.- the First Ismaili Electronic Library and Database. Guests are not required to login during this beta-testing phase


Encyclopaedia of Ismailism by Mumtaz Ali Tajddin

It is derived from framana (Turkish, ferman), meaning royal decree, command, direction, edict or written edict. For the Ismailis, it refers to any pronouncement, order, advice or ruling made by the Imam.

Back to top