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Dictionary and Encyclopedia of ismailism entries

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Topic ContainsTopic TypeEnglish Def Contains:
  • Encyclopedia Topic
    Encyclopaedia of Ismailism by Mumtaz Ali Tajddin

    The word dunya is derived from dhunuww, meaning the lower or the nearest world. This world as man actually experiences it and lives in it as a whole, called al-dunya. The Koran uses the phrase al-hayah al-dunya (the lower life) in place of the simple word al-dunya, occurring 115 times in the Koran.

  • Encyclopedia Topic
    Encyclopaedia of Ismailism by Mumtaz Ali Tajddin
  • Name
    Heritage Dictionary of ismailism, entry #210

    Dai of Imam az-Zahir who also named him Governor of Syria. He won the battle of al-Ukhuwna and reclaimed Alep of Mirdasides in 1038.

    Dai de l'Imam Az-Zahir qui le nomma gouverneur de Syrie. Gagna la bataille d'al-Ukhuwna, reprit Alep aux Mirdasides en 1038.

  • Noun
    Heritage Dictionary of Ismailism, entry #532

    Porte, maison, en la présence de. "Ali dwaré amé awiya..."

  • Encyclopedia Topic
    Encyclopaedia of Ismailism by Mumtaz Ali Tajddin

    The Aga Khan Fund for Economic Development (AKFED) carries out the Network's economic development activities. It consists of three groups of companies, especially active in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia: Industrial Promotion Services (IPS), Tourism Promotion Services (TPS) and Financial Services Companies.

  • Encyclopedia Topic
    Encyclopaedia of Ismailism by Mumtaz Ali Tajddin
  • Encyclopedia Topic
    Encyclopaedia of Ismailism by Mumtaz Ali Tajddin

    The word eid is derived from aud meaning to return. In Islam, it means a recurring happiness. The word adha, the plural of adhat means a sacrifice. On this occasion, all the Muslims who can afford, sacrifice an animal. In the case of a goat or a sheep, one animal is suffices for one household. In the case of a cow or a camel, seven men may be partners. It may be sacrificed on the day of Eid or during the two or three days that follows, called the tashriq days.

  • Encyclopedia Topic
    Encyclopaedia of Ismailism by Mumtaz Ali Tajddin

    The word fitr means to begin, from which is also derived fitra meaning nature. The word iftar means the breaking of the fast, as if the faster had returned to a natural course or fulfilled the demand of nature, and it is from this that the name Eid al-Fitr seems to have been taken. "The feast that marks the end of Ramzan is a day when no fasting is allowed at all" (al-Muslim, 2:553), and it is customary for families to dress well in that day and visit each other and offer greetings.

  • Encyclopedia Topic
    Encyclopaedia of Ismailism by Mumtaz Ali Tajddin

    According to the Shi'ite belief, at the spring (khum) of al-Ghadir, the Prophet as his successor declared Ali bin Abu Talib and the festival commemorated this occasion. The fusion of religion which was characteristic of all religious festivals in Fatimid Egypt, is best exemplified by the festival of Eid al-Ghadir.

  • Encyclopedia Topic
    Encyclopaedia of Ismailism by Mumtaz Ali Tajddin

    The month of Rabi I has an immortal significance in the whole of human history. In this month that Blessed Being made his auspicious appearance from the person of Amina who diverted totally the very stream of the human history; who uplifted humanity from the lowest pit of degradation and rose it to the zenith of glory and grandeur; who heralded a new message of peace and prosperity for the suffering mankind. He emancipated the human race from those fetters in which it had been lying shackled for centuries. He relieved humanity of those heavy burdens under which it had been groaning for ages.

  • Noun
    Heritage Dictionary of Ismailism, entry #541

    Un.

  • Noun
    Heritage Dictionary of Ismailism, entry #542

    A un. "ékakoun radaj kida..." (anéanti l'un d'eux), g. "Allah ek khassam"

  • Noun
    Heritage Dictionary of Ismailism, entry #1017

    Paix, calme, silence. V. AtH JIW. Syn: SHANTI

  • Noun
    Heritage Dictionary of Ismailism, entry #899

    Soixante-onze (71). "ékotér pouriya jiwna odhariya" (sauva 71 générations) g. 397

  • Noun
    Heritage Dictionary of Ismailism, entry #543

    Une fois. (War = fois).

  • Noun
    Heritage Dictionary of Ismailism, entry #958

    Vingt et un. EKWIS DaRWAJA (21 portes). "TEM SAT PaHOR LAGI, EKWIS DaRWAJA DaR NISaRIYA..." g. 696:173

  • Noun
    Heritage Dictionary of Ismailism, entry #545

    21,600 Ekwis hajar chaso. Nombre de respirations journalières de l'homme. g. 489, Brunton "L'Inde secrète", Shaygan "Hindouisme et Soufisme".

  • Noun
    Heritage Dictionary of Ismailism, entry #546

    1. Connaissance, 2. Monde, 3. Livres Saints.

  • Name
    Heritage Dictionary of ismailism, entry #997

    Also known as Lady Ema or Emra. ___149:4. Historical figure, referred to as a saint in the ginan "Satiye toriya motira no har." She was a gupti who practised Taqiya* and left this world in a Wiman [flying saucer].

    Dame Ema ou Emra. g. 149:4 Personnage historique. Sainte référée comme Sati dans g. "satiyé toriya motira no har". Gupti pratiquant le Taqiya*, quitta ce monde en Wiman*.

  • Noun
    Heritage Dictionary of Ismailism, entry #547

    Pour l'Amour de Dieu, par la Grâce de Dieu. g. 348

  • Encyclopedia Topic
    Encyclopaedia of Ismailism by Mumtaz Ali Tajddin
  • Noun
    Heritage Dictionary of Ismailism, entry #548

    Partit en pure perte, perdu, inutile. NUM: 38 MOT: FATIHA CD: M DEF: Sourat d'ouverture du Coran. Equiv. récitation de tout le Coran. Prière récité lors d'un décès. V. Ummul Kitab*

  • Encyclopedia Topic
    Encyclopaedia of Ismailism by Mumtaz Ali Tajddin

    "The key verbal roots occur more than two dozen times each in the Koran with –k-l and sh-r-b appears together eight times. The most famous occurrence is in 7:31, where God says the children of Adam to dress properly when attending the mosque, and to “eat and drink, but avoid excess for He does not love the intemperate,” and “Eat of what your Lord has given you (kulu min rizqi rabbikum) and render thanks to Him” (34:15).

  • Encyclopedia Topic
    Encyclopaedia of Ismailism by Mumtaz Ali Tajddin

    No limitations are placed upon the form or quality of clothing, either in the Koran or hadith. The Prophet is reported to have said, "Eat and drink and wear clothes and be charitable, not being extravagant or self-conceited" (Bukhari, 77:1). Ibn Abbas said: "Eat what you like and wear what you like, so long as you avoid two things, extravagance and vanity" (Ibid.) Thus, Islam requires no particular dress. A man may choose what he eats and what he wears. The only thing required is that the clothes should be clean and good (Abu Daud., 31:13)

  • Encyclopedia Topic
    Encyclopaedia of Ismailism by Mumtaz Ali Tajddin

    The name of God should be uttered before drinking; and the Lord should be praised at the end (Daim al-Islam, p. 447). Imam Jafar Sadik used to drink standing as well as sitting (Ibid., p. 449). Ali bin Abu Talib drank water while standing, and added that people did not like it but he had seen the Prophet drinking water while standing (Bukhari, 74:15).

  • Encyclopedia Topic
    Encyclopaedia of Ismailism by Mumtaz Ali Tajddin

    The host should offer water to wash the hands of his guests from the right to the left, washing his own last. When a man has guests with him, he should eat joyfully with them; he should be the last to begin to eat, and he should be the last to lave his hands before, and last to do so after, a meal (Kitab Majmu'at al-Hawashi, p. 59). When the host's relation are present at a meal, the host should wash his hands last, apart from the members of his own family (Daim al-Islam, p. 414)

  • Encyclopedia Topic
    Encyclopaedia of Ismailism by Mumtaz Ali Tajddin

    Imam Sultan Muhammad Shah had called a Conference in Evian, France known as the Evian Conference between July 4, 1952 and July 8, 1952 to discuss various economic and social problems confronting the African Ismailis and also to make necessary amendments in the Constitution of the African Councils.

  • Encyclopedia Topic
    Encyclopaedia of Ismailism by Mumtaz Ali Tajddin

    The Koran does not mention the word fa'y, which became the technical term in Islamic law, but refers explicitly to the verb afa'a (from the same root as fa'y); vide 33:50 and 59: 6-7. There is indications that in 59: 6-7, referring to the surrender of the Banu Nadir, afa'a denotes booty acquired not by fighting but as a result of the surrender of the enemy. Fa'y literally means that which come back. The word fa'y is applied to the lands in the conquered territories which came under the direct ownership of the Muslim state.

  • Encyclopedia Topic
    Encyclopaedia of Ismailism by Mumtaz Ali Tajddin

    "Fadak was a fertile tract in the vicinity of Khaibar under the Jewish occupation, just three miles from Medina, now the modern village of Howeyat. After the victory of Khaibar, the Prophet wiped out the Jewish influence in this area, who were threat to Islam, therefore, he sent his envoy, Muhit to Yusha bin Nun, the chief of the village Fadak. The chief of the Jews preferred peace and surrendered to fighting. A peace treaty was concluded between the Prophet and the local Jews on the terms that 50% yield of Fadak would be surrendered to the Prophet each year by the Jews.

  • Encyclopedia Topic
    Encyclopaedia of Ismailism by Mumtaz Ali Tajddin
  • Encyclopedia Topic
    Encyclopaedia of Ismailism by Mumtaz Ali Tajddin
  • Noun
    Heritage Dictionary of Ismailism, entry #37

    (Persan: Farmudan) (Arabe = Hukm/Amr) Commandement, Ordre. Fatimide: Sijill (sceau). Alamut: Fasl (ép

  • Encyclopedia Topic
    Encyclopaedia of Ismailism by Mumtaz Ali Tajddin

    It is derived from framana (Turkish, ferman), meaning royal decree, command, direction, edict or written edict. For the Ismailis, it refers to any pronouncement, order, advice or ruling made by the Imam.

  • Name
    Heritage Dictionary of ismailism, entry #213

    (14/15th Century). Son of Pir HK, buried in Multan.

    (14/15e S.) Enfant de Pir HK, enterré à Multan.

  • Encyclopedia Topic
    Encyclopaedia of Ismailism by Mumtaz Ali Tajddin
  • Name
    Heritage Dictionary of ismailism, entry #214

    (604-632). Daughter of Prophet Mohamed, and wife of Hazrat Ali. Also known as Om Abiha (Mother of her father) and Fatima Fatir (Creator). Her rank was that of Hujjat.

    (604-632.) Fille du Prophète Moh'd et épouse de l'Imam Ali. Surnommée UMM Abiha (Mère de son père) et Fatima Fatir (Créateur). Son rang était celui de Hujjat.

  • Name
    Heritage Dictionary of ismailism, entry #215

    Bibi Fatima was the first to establishthe ceremony of Ghat Pat* in this world; ref: to Jodilo 10. Was also the Hujjat, hence her Light founded the Ghat Pat.

    Bibi Fatima fut la première à instaurer le Ghat Pat* en ce monde (Jodilo 10). Représente le Hujjat donc sa Lumière a instauré le Ghat Pat.

  • Name
    Heritage Dictionary of ismailism, entry #216

    Dynasty named after Bibi Fatima, reigned in Egypt from 910 to 1171. (After 1094 = Mustealiens*). Founded by Imam Mehdi. The most powerful navy in the Mediterranean.

    Dynastie issue de Bibi Fatima, régna en Egypte de 910 à 1171. (à partir de 1094 = Mustéaliens*) Fondée par Imam Mehdi. La flotte la plus puissante en Méditeranné.

  • Encyclopedia Topic
    Encyclopaedia of Ismailism by Mumtaz Ali Tajddin

    "North Africa was the land of the lost causes of Islam. The land was mainly inhabited by the Berber tribe, which was practically independent of the Abbasids. The Ismaili dai Abu Abdullah arrived in the Katama land and chose Ikjan as his base, a mountain stronghold that dominated the pilgrimage route, where he began to preach the Ismaili doctrines. While he was preaching in North Africa and consolidating the secular power, Imam al-Mahdi was closely following his activities from his retreat in Salamia.

  • Encyclopedia Topic
    Encyclopaedia of Ismailism by Mumtaz Ali Tajddin

    The word fatwa is derived from the root fata, which includes in its Semanic fields the meaning youth, newness, clarification, or explanation. These connotations have survived in its various definitions. Its development as a technical term originated from the Koran, where the word is used in two verbal forms meaning asking for a definitive answer and giving a definitive answer (4:127, 176). The concept of fatwa in early Islam developed in the framework of a question and answer process of communicating information about Islam.

  • Encyclopedia Topic
    Encyclopaedia of Ismailism by Mumtaz Ali Tajddin

    ABIDA Adoress

    AFROZA Enlightening

    AFSAN Fascinating

    AFSHEEN Spreading Widely

    AINI Generous

    ALMAS Diamond

    AMINA Trustworthy

    ANAR Pomegranate

    AMBAR Ambergris

    AMBREEN Ambergris

    ANISA Affectionate

    ARZOO Desire

    ASMA Beautiful

    ATIYA Gift

    AZIZA Respected

  • Encyclopedia Topic
    Encyclopaedia of Ismailism by Mumtaz Ali Tajddin

    "The Persian word fidai (or fidawi, pl. fidaiyan) means one who offers his life for a cause or sacrifices. Its synonymous Arabic word is fidaiyyun. It is a term for special Ismaili devotees of Iran and Syria, coined for the first time in Alamut period, who risked their lives. The term fidai is the symbol of loyalty and sacrifice - a highest form of virtue.

  • Encyclopedia Topic
    Encyclopaedia of Ismailism by Mumtaz Ali Tajddin
  • Encyclopedia Topic
    Encyclopaedia of Ismailism by Mumtaz Ali Tajddin

    AKFED provides an institutional umbrella for a number of leading finance and insurance companies in Africa and Asia. Imam Sultan Muhammad Shah founded most of these as small self-help companies in the first half of this century. During this period, colonial financial institutions had neither the interest nor the ability to provide banking services and insurance to the small traders and farmers of the community. At the outset, most of the self-help companies were financed by contributions from the Ismaili community to mark the successive jubilees i.e.

  • Encyclopedia Topic
    Encyclopaedia of Ismailism by Mumtaz Ali Tajddin

    The word fiqh is used in the literal sense to mean understanding and in this sense; the words fiqh and fahm are synonymous. The word fiqh was originally used by the Arabs for a camel expert, who could distinguish the pregnant she-camels with others, and thus the expression fahal faqihi was current among them. It indicates deep knowledge and understanding. In addition, the Arabic idiom goes Fala’n la yafaqahu wala yanqahu (So-and-so neither understands nor comprehends). In pre-Islamic days, the term Faqih al-Arab was an appellation given to Harith bin Kaladah.

  • Noun
    Heritage Dictionary of Ismailism, entry #549

    (Persan:) Ange.

  • Encyclopedia Topic
    Encyclopaedia of Ismailism by Mumtaz Ali Tajddin

    Among the indicative of divisions or distinctions, the words used in the Koran are hizb (pl. ahzab), ta'ifa, shi'a and the derivatives of f-q-r. All can be understood with the general meaning of party, group or faction. The word hizb in its singular, plural and dual forms appears 19 times and the word shi'a and shi'ya occurs 11 times in the Koran. The word ta'ifa and its dual forms appears 23 times, used more or less randomly to refer to groups or parties among the Ahl al-Kitab. Tusi (d.

  • Name
    Heritage Dictionary of ismailism, entry #217

    Fatimid Dai who left his master on a voyage to Maghreb in 902 after learning of the change of plans by the Imam. He was executed in Yemen.

    Dai fatimide faussa compagnie à son maître en 902 en apprenant le changement d'itinéraire de l'Imam vers le Maghreb. Exécuté au Yémen.

  • Encyclopedia Topic
    Encyclopaedia of Ismailism by Mumtaz Ali Tajddin

    The five elements (al-hawassul khamsa) alone form the constituents of all the mundane creation. The first is unsur-i azam (the great element), referring to the great throne (arsh-i akbar). Secondly, the wind; thirdly, the fire; fourthly, the water and fifthly, the dust. In the Indian language, these are called panch-bhut, namely akas, vayu, tej, jal and prthivi.

  • Encyclopedia Topic
    Encyclopaedia of Ismailism by Mumtaz Ali Tajddin

    FOCUS Humanitarian Assistance is an international group of agencies established to compliment and facilitate the provision of emergency humanitarian assistance in specific regions of Africa and Asia. This global institution with an international mandate, seeks to enable the local jamats to prepare for hazards, respond to crisis situations, and where possible, to avert disaster or minimize its impact. FOCUS meets its challenging and growing mandate through the dedication, energy and intellect of hundreds of volunteers and professionals who form the backbone of FOCUS.

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