Arabic Republic of Syria
jumhûriyya sûriyyati l-carabiyya (Official) sûriyyaa (Short)

Status
Independent republic
Surface
185,000 km²
Inhabitants
15,000,000
Capital
Damascus
Day of independence
September 28, 1941
Head of state
Hafazu l-Assad
Languages
Arabic (official), English, Kurdish
Currency
1 lira=100 pjaster
100 liras=US$2,40, US$1=42 liras

Cities
Aleppo (1,5 million)
Damascus (1,4 million)
Homs (650,000)



Syria is arid, relying very much upon water coming down from the mountains. Most of the country is flat, but has mountains towards the border of Lebanon. The east is desert, the western coast has a mediterranean climate. Syria can get very cold in the winter, and snow in the mountains is normal. Summer can get very hot.